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14 Olympic Moments That Changed History

These inspirational and controversial Olympic moments have left the deepest impressions on the world—and the Games themselves.

1936 Olympics In BerlinUnited Archives/Getty Images

Historic moments from the Olympics

The Olympics are a time for all of us to come together and admire the Olympic rings, celebrate athletic achievements, and root for our country with the hope it’ll take home medals. Yet the Games aren’t immune to international conflict and controversy, nor worldwide crises. From boycotts, protests, and postponements to showstopping and record-breaking triumphs, these are the moments that shook the Olympics while the world was watching.

Helene Provost won the silver medal of tennis women's singles at the Paris Olympic Games in 1900Apic/Getty Images

Paris, 1900: The first female athletes participate

The 1900 Olympics were a huge first for women. Female athletes weren’t allowed to compete in the Olympics until the Paris Games, when their participation in lawn tennis and golf events secured a position for women in the future. The London 2012 Olympics signified a new gender milestone with the debut of Women’s Boxing, and it was the first Olympic Games in history with female athletes from every competing country.

Jesse Owens at Start of RaceBettmann/Getty Images

Berlin, 1936: Jesse Owens breaks records

Black athlete Jesse Owens broke records and won several gold medals, shattering Hitler’s aim to use the 1936 Games as an example of the “new Aryan man.” Owens later befriended his German competitor in the long jump, Carl Ludwig “Luz” Long, and the pair’s lap of honor became a symbol of the triumph of sportsmanship over Nazi ideology. Read Owens’s story and watch rare footage of him at the Games.

British team leaves for Paraplegic GamesHulton Archive/Getty Images

London, 1948: Athletes first compete in wheelchairs

The 1948 London Games marked a milestone for athletes who use wheelchairs. English doctor Ludwig Guttmann founded the International Wheelchair Games to help rehabilitate wounded veterans of World War II. Using sports therapy, he invited wheelchair-using athletes to compete, and the event eventually became the modern Paralympic Games.

Cérémonie d'ouverture des Jeux Olympiques de RomeKeystone-France/Getty Images

Rome, 1960: The Games are televised

As the first Olympics to be televised and to include a brand endorsement by an athlete, the Rome Games ushered in a new era of commercialism and changed the way the world viewed its Olympians. The Games also spotlighted a negative side of the competition: The first doping scandal revealed how far some athletes would go to win the gold.

Olympic Medalists Giving Black Power SignBettmann/Getty Images

Mexico City, 1968: Athletes participate in a civil rights protest

At the height of the civil rights movement in the United States, Black American athletes were encouraged to boycott the Games. Instead, African American sprinters John Carlos (right) and Tommie Smith (left) staged a nonviolent protest by raising their fists in a Black Power salute while the national anthem played during their medal ceremony. Although they were consequently suspended from the Olympic Village, their silent demonstration brought the American battle over civil rights to the international stage.

OLY-1972-PALESTINAN-ATTACK-/Getty Images

Munich, 1972: Terror overshadows peace

Tragedy infamously marred the Munich Games when 11 Israeli athletes were taken hostage and killed by Palestinian terrorists. Although the Olympics continued and the incident led to increased security, the message of international peace promoted by the Games was permanently damaged.

Steeplechaser Running at Montreal GamesBettmann/Getty Images

Montreal, 1976: African nations boycott the Games

Human rights were at the forefront of the Montreal Games after 22 African nations boycotted the Olympics because New Zealand was participating. Earlier that year, New Zealand had sparked outrage among African countries when it sent its national rugby team to play in South Africa, which was under apartheid. This marked the first of several politically motivated boycotts of the Olympics.

Demonstrators at 1980 OlympicsWally McNamee/Getty Images

Moscow, 1980: The United States boycotts and hosts alternate games

With the Cold War ongoing, President Jimmy Carter urged U.S. allies to pull their Olympic teams from the Games to protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The United States did not participate in the Olympics that summer but instead hosted the Liberty Bell Classic in Philadelphia as an alternative competition for athletes of countries supporting the boycott.

Basketball - Dream Team PlayersDimitri Iundt/Getty Images

Barcelona, 1992: The pros play in the Olympics

The 1992 U.S. Men’s Olympic basketball team was nicknamed the Dream Team for a reason: It featured an impressive lineup of the biggest names in basketball, including Michael Jordan, Charles Barkley, and Patrick Ewing. It was the first time active NBA players were recruited for an Olympic team. The Dream Team crushed the competition as it made its way toward the final (winning all eight games) and ultimately defeated Croatia to bring home the gold medal. Even today, the Dream Team is widely celebrated as the greatest team ever assembled in any sport.

OLYMPISCGE SPIELE: ATLANTA 1996 am 3.8.96Alexander Hassenstein/Getty Images

Atlanta, 1996: The Games turn 100 with Muhammad Ali

Despite his struggles with Parkinson’s disease, former heavyweight boxing champion and Olympic gold medalist Muhammad Ali lit the Olympic flame during the opening ceremony of the 1996 Atlanta Games. It was an emotional start to the Olympics’ centennial. Learn about the most emotional moments of the Winter Olympics.

Sydney Olympics, Opening Ceremony In Sydney, Australia On September 15, 2000.Pool JO SYDNEY 2000/Getty Images

Sydney, 2000: North and South Korea briefly unite

In a short-lived moment of alliance, North and South Korea marched together for the first time in Sydney’s opening ceremony. Rather than carry their respective national flags, the North and South Korean teams (in identical uniforms) joined hands and waved a unification flag featuring a blue map of Korea.

Olympische Spiele Athen 2004...Vladimir Rys/Getty Images

Athens, 2004: The medal design is corrected

A new medal was distributed to winners at the Athens Games, replacing the long-standing design by Italian sculptor Giuseppe Cassioli that incorrectly depicted the Roman Colosseum rather than a Greek venue. Olympic medals now feature the Panathenaic Stadium in Athens, one of the world’s oldest stadiums and the site of the first modern Olympic Games in 1896.

US swimmer Michael Phelps stands on theTIMOTHY CLARY/Getty Images

Beijing, 2008: Michael Phelps takes home the most gold ever

During the Beijing Games, champion American swimmer Michael Phelps and his teammates set a new world record in the medley relay event. Phelps was awarded his eighth gold medal (the most won in a single Olympic Games), which pushed his medal count over that of his record-holding predecessor, Mark Spitz. Upon winning his eighth medal, Phelps had nothing but humble words for his audience: “Records are meant to be broken no matter what they are.”

Workers descend stairs as they make final touches to the...SOPA Images/Getty Images

Tokyo, 2020: COVID-19 delays the 2020 Games

On March 24, 2020, Japan’s then Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced the postponement of the Games amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Though the Games weren’t outright canceled—that hasn’t happened since 1944—they were delayed until summer 2021 but were still officially called the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.